Kratom (Mitragyna speciose) is a plant native to Southeast Asia, including Thailand, Myanmar, Malaysia, Indonesia, and Papua New Guinea. Kratom has long been used in traditional medicines, precisely since the 19th century.
The kratom tree was first formally described by the Dutch botanist, Pieter Korthals, in 1839. His Latin name was changed and reclassified several times before George Darby Haviland gave his final name and final classification in 1859.
Kratom has opioid properties and several stimulant effects. In 2018, a study was conducted on the use of kratom leaves as a therapeutic drug, but it produced poor quality. Some people use kratom leaves to deal with chronic pain, treat opioid withdrawal symptoms, and which have recently been used for euphoric purposes. The effect starts within 5-10 minutes after consuming and lasts for two to five hours.
The effects of consuming kratom leaves are nausea, vomiting, and constipation. More severe reactions can cause depression, respiratory problems, palpitations, high blood pressure, difficulty sleeping, liver poisoning, seizures, addictions, and psychosis.
Kratom leaves contain substances that have been used in 16 countries, and in 2014 the FDA banned the import and manufacture of kratom as a food supplement. In 2018, there are international concerns about possible threats to public health from the use of kratom. In some jurisdictions, the sale of Maeng da kratom and its imports has been limited, and several public health authorities have given warnings about the dangers of consuming kratom leaves.
Characteristics of Kratom Trees in the Wild
Kratom is a tree that can grow to a height of 25 meters and a trunk diameter of 1 meter. The trunk is straight, and the outer skin is smooth gray.
The rate of kratom use seems to be increasing lately. Especially among those who have been able to manage themselves for their use.
Researchers have suggested that with the approval of the Food and Drug Administration, kratom can be processed and become valuable as an alternative to methadone. There are no formal trials to study the efficacy or safety of kratom to treat opioid addiction. At present kratom is not approved for sale and use for personal or medical use.